Diamonds in jewelry would not produce the brilliance and luster that they have without the art of diamond cutting. Cutting patterns bring out the brilliance of any particular stone. Cutting patterns are often highly guarded trade secrets.
A carat is a measure of weight that is two-tenths of one gram. The tiny weight was originally used in ancient Greece and Rome to insure that diamonds and other precious metals and jewels were sold in the quantity that they were claimed to be. The tradition has persisted for at least 3,000 years or longer.

Diamonds in jewelry are cut natural stones that are found in Central America, South America, Canada, Russia, India, South Africa, the United States, and Australia. The diamond in a pure form is crystalline white. This is because the diamond is 100 percent carbon.
The volcanic birth of diamonds produced diamonds with small quantities of other gems and minerals embedded in the diamond matrix. Nitrogen makes yellow diamond. Boron creates blue diamonds. Diamonds can be pink, green, red, and black depending on the impurity and the way light reacts with the change in the natural diamond structure.

Diamonds are extremely ancient in origin. Volcanic eruptions produced enough heat to convert vegetable matter into the diamonds that are used in jewelry today. Naturally occurring diamonds were formed as early in the life of the Earth as 3 billion years ago. A few rare diamonds exist that were caused to form by the heat of a meteor hitting the Earth. Heat, pressure, and time make a diamond.
The ancient people of India are credited with being the first people to use diamonds in jewelry about 6,000 years ago. The stones were not mined but were found in rock slides that occurred in dormant volcanoes beside several rivers in India. The gems were not cut like they are today.
Most diamond historians consider that people in Africa, South America, and India most likely used diamonds as a religiously symbolic icon and as a tool to cut and etch softer materials long before diamonds became plentiful and popular as jewelry.
The kinds of jewelry that use diamonds include wedding and engagement rings. Earrings, necklaces, bracelets, tiaras, and accents for other jewels and precious stones are the most common modern use for diamonds in jewelry. Diamonds have become a symbol of everlasting love and the market for wedding rings with diamonds is the largest user of diamonds in the world.
Diamonds have also found a place in the jewelry and regalia used in many of the religions of the world.
Men also wear diamonds in rings, tie clasps, earrings, watches, and cuff links.

De Beers. Mikimoto, Tiffany, Cartier, and Harry Winston are some of the most famous diamond jewelry brands. The unique styling of the metal that encases a diamond is as much a part of the elegance and beauty of a piece of diamond jewelry as the stone.
The Akbar Shah diamond from India is the oldest known diamond that is world famous. The Argyle Pink Jubilee from Australia is the largest pink diamonds ever mined. The Black Orlov is the largest black diamond ever found in India. The Cullinan Diamond from South Africa weighed over 3,100 carats and is part of the Crown Jewels of Britain. The 4,605 carat Esperanza Diamond is the largest diamond ever found in the United States. The Hope Diamond is the most famous blue diamond and has been traded between royalty and movie stars.

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